DNS stands for Domain Name Services and is the protocol responsible for translating your domain name into an IP address. The Internet will not function using domain names alone, in the same way that your telephone cannot be used to call someone using just the person’s name. IP addresses, like telephone numbers, are what the Internet uses to quickly and efficiently direct web traffic. In short, your nameservers, using DNS, are responsible for telling the rest of the Internet what to do with your domain name — where to find your website, where to send e-mail for your domain, and so on.
You’ll set up your nameservers to answer those basic questions. The reason we use the plural of ‘nameserver’ is because you will always need to have at least two. One is the primary nameserver and the other is the secondary, a backup for the first.
There are three basic choices when it comes to choosing what nameservers to use:
- Third-party nameservers
- ServInt’s nameservers
- Your own custom private nameservers
Click here to learn more about nameservers.
Sometimes DNS can be difficult to understand, but thinking of it in terms of the phone book analogy is a good first step towards learning the more advanced aspects and caveats of Domain Name Services.
Photo by Rongy Benjamin